Green & Energy Efficient Buildings

China is the largest building construction market in the world, with up to 2 billion square meters constructed annually. In 2017, buildings accounted for 21% of the total energy consumption of China. The carbon emission of buildings was 2 billion tons of CO2, accounting for almost 20% of total carbon emissions in China – which is the world’s biggest emitter of greenhouse gases, accounting for about a third of the global carbon emissions.

The concept of sustainable buildings, as pursued by Chinese side, aims to improve building energy efficiency (both for existing buildings and new constructed buildings) through energy savings and efficiency standards. The increase in building energy efficiency is to be combined with other urban development measures against the background of the goals of the 2030 Agenda in terms of holistic, sustainable urban development.

In 2019, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People’s Republic of China (MoHURD) published the National Standard of Green Buildings Assessment and the National Calculation Standard for Building Carbon Emissions, which aims to implement national policies on climate change, energy conservation, and emission reduction.

Facts & Figures

In 2018, the total carbon emissions from the whole process of buildings sectors in China accounts for
percent of the national carbon emissions.
China’s standard call for new public buildings to achieve efficiency
percent improvement compared with 1980 levels.
China’s standard call for new residential buildings to achieve efficiency
percent improvement compared with 1980 levels.

News & Articles


Beijing Daxing International Airport officially opened on this Wednesday. Although being one of the biggest airports in the world now with four runways and a 700,000-square-meter terminal area, the airport is walking-friendly — within a walking distance of 600m or 8 minutes, passengers can arrive at the terminal centre from the transport hub. It also offers various new technologies including facial recognition and robotic parking system etc. Besides these, energy and environment is also an important concern. 


From the first Chinese Design Standards for Civil Buildings in 1986 to the recent released National Standard of Green Buildings Assessment, policy on energy efficiency and carbon emissions of buildings, including retrofitting old ones and constructing new ones, has undergone significant changes in the past decades in China.

How do local governments support energy-efficient buildings in China?

The building sector accounts for about 20% of the total primary energy consumption in China[1]. While the national government has been updating and improving national standards on energy efficiency in buildings, provincial and city governments have become more and more active in releasing local level

External Resources that might also interest you

The Global Alliance for Buildings and Construction works towards a zero-emission, efficient, and resilient buildings and construction sector. Their Global Status Report for Buildings and Construction tracks global progress on key indicators for energy use, emissions, technologies, policies, and investments globally. Check out their resources at: