Pursuing for a Low-Carbon Development of MSW
1.5% of the total Chinese CO2 emissions originated from the waste sector, amounting to 111 Mt CO2e per year. By 2025, due to the rapid urbanization, the number of city dwellers in China is expected to reach 1 billion people. Against the backdrop of continuous economic growth, this will lead to the increase in the amount of waste generated, collected and treated, which will subsequently create a substantial annual emission reduction potential from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) management estimated at the level of 236.3 Mt CO2e. If realized, this amount will cover almost 1/5 of the Chinese Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement. Besides, carbon emission reduction from waste sector will also contribute to national commitment to achieve carbon neutrality before 2060. China is currently strengthening its efforts to reduce GHG emissions from the waste sector and increase the usage of urban waste for energy production. However, this transformation faces technical and capacity challenges.
Proceeding Towards a Sustainable Municipal Waste Sector
GIZ Waste Management and Circular Economy Team aims to capitalise on the significant Chinese investments in the waste sector by introducing best available techniques (BAT) and best environmental practices (BEP) in integrated waste management in three to five demonstration municipalities. Policy recommendations to the Chinese government will facilitate further dismantling of the existing barriers hindering the sector’s transformation. By making available new income streams (i.e. energy generation and participation in emission trading schemes) as well as a matching private sector interests with the needs of municipalities, up-scaling of the integrated waste management solutions in China will be supported.