Digitalization and Big Data, technical innovations and new business models offer great potentials to increase efficiency in the transport sector and make mobility more sustainable and climate-friendly. Digital solutions such as Big Data traffic management platforms, new mobility services such as ride-hailing or smart bike-sharing and Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS) can support the provision of more seamless, barrier-free and accessible mobility to people and foster the better integration of new mobility services with traditional public transport. Digitalisation fuels the development and adoption of Intelligent and Connected Vehicles (ICVs), autonomous driving or drone delivery services and is key to future-proof transport systems. Nevertheless, those innovations come along with the increasing unpredictability of how the long-term implications of such trends to the environment, the climate and the societies as a whole might be. In order to ensure an environmental, social and economic sustainable development of those technologies and to ensure data privacy, strong regulatory frameworks and roadmaps are needed.