This research systematically analyzes the status quo of China’s transport development in terms of transport volume, equipment and infrastructure development, and then assesses the status quo of transport-related carbon emissions based on energy consumption. This research further summarizes major climate targets, as well as policies and measures in China’s transport sector, and identifies major challenges regarding carbon emission reduction in China’s transport sector.
The European Union (EU) and Germany have set ambitious climate goals and have taken various initiatives aiming to reduce GHG emissions in the transport sector, which are considered to be successful and valuable experiences. This research summarizes the main emission reduction strategies and key initiatives in the EU and Germany. Additionally, it also includes findings from in-depth interviews on the formulation of climate targets and emission reduction strategies and paths for transport sector, and recommendations on emission reduction measures. The interviews were conducted with Chinese and German experts from the fields of climate policy, energy strategy, green transport, civil aviation technology, urban transport and regional transport administration. Based on the current and developing context of China’s transport sector, this research will provide a basis for decision-making and can also serve as a reference for promoting China’s transport sector to achieve carbon dioxide emission peaking at the lowest possible level, as early as possible. The research also provides insights on the formulation of energy-saving and emission reduction policies, including the optimization of transport structures, the promotion of green travel, the improving of energy efficiency, and the overall application of new energy.