On November 3rd GIZ and the China Urban Transport Research Centre (CUSTReC) jointly organised a training on emission quantification and monitoring in urban transport for Chinese cities. Participants from Harbin, Suzhou and Chengdu, as well as members from CUSTReC took part in the whole day event. Harbin, Suzhou and Chengdu are pilot cities of the Large City Congestion and Carbon Reduction project financed through the Global Environment Fund and managed by the World Bank. GIZ cooperates with the World Bank and CUSTReC, who are in charge of monitoring the emission reductions in the three pilot cities.
Speakers from GIZ and CUSTReC explained the basic methodology for transport emissions quantification, how to use the newly developed emission quantification tool China road transport emission model (CRTEM/HBEFA China) to monitor and quantify GHG emissions from the transport sector, and what data needs to be collected for monitoring.
Transportation GHG emissions have become a key challenge for sustainable development in China as well as globally. During recent years, demands that transport should not only be efficient and smooth, but also as low carbon and low polluting as possible have gained increasing importance. In fact, it is feasible to design effective measures for less polluting urban transport systems. This requires, however, understanding of the drivers of emissions i.e. which vehicles are on city roads, which and how much fuel do cars and buses consume, in what kind of traffic situations vehicles emit less than in others and accumulating data on the total kilometres travelled by each vehicle type. Therefore, to quantify the GHG emissions in urban transport area becomes important for transport planners and decision makers.
This training gave insights into approaches of transport emission quantification and the specific usability of the China Road Transport Emission Model (HBEFA). By applying this internationally recognised methodology for emission accounting with China-specific emission factors, cities using HBEFA China will be at the forefront of emission quantification. Furthermore, transport planners and environmental experts in those cities will also be able to model the impact on air quality, fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.