Sustainable Structural Change and Urban Energy Transitions

Changing economics of fossil fuels and the energy transition away from coal poses a challenge for coal mining regions. The Ruhr Area in Germany already has undergone this transition and holds valuable lessons both for structural transition and for municipal energy transition that are of relevance to Chinese coal or industrial regions that are facing […]

Developing Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans (SECAPs) (EN)

Municipalities are a central field of action for combating climate change and the transition to an ecologically sound, low-carbon energy system. In China and worldwide, most people live in cities and they are the level on which most climate and energy measures ultimately are implemented. What is particularly challenging to administrations and policymakers is that […]

Municipal Directive of Climate Protection on City Level (CN)

Since 2008, the Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) has started to promote climate protection on city level through the Municipal Directive. This is the most important national climate protection project in Germany. From 2008 to the end of 2018, about 14,400 projects in more than 3450 towns received a total […]