E-Bus Development in China: From Fleet Electrification to Refined Management

The “Study on Technical System of the Life Cycle of Battery Electric Buses” follows the life cycle stations of battery electric buses, from its procurement, charging, operation, maintenance, to the decommissioning of batteries. It provides a technical guide for stakeholders in each of the procedures to achieve safety, efficiency, and sustainability. As part of the study, eight case cities covering various geographic area and social-economic level were identified: Zhengzhou, Chengdu, Shenzhen, Jinan, Guangzhou, Shenyang, Yinchuan, and Xi’an. Through surveys and interviews, the study collected first-hand data on the challenges, solutions, and best practices in these cities. Based on literature review, comparative analyses, field study, and expert consultations, the study then provides recommendations for all relevant stakeholders.


Barrier-free transport is a key element of sustainable, climate-friendly and inclusive cities. This report gives an overview of the main policies, standards and best practices regarding barrier-free transport in Germany and the EU. It’s part of the work on Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning (SUMP) and the bilateral exchanges between Germany and China on sustainable transport, which is implemented by the sustainable mobility team of GIZ in China.

International Best Practices in Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS) at the ITS World Congress

On 12th October, 2021, as part of the ITS World Congress in Hamburg, the Sino-German Cooperation on Low Carbon Transport (CLCT) project of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH organised the session Mobility-as-a-Service: International best practices on low carbon transport and mobility integration. The session brought together Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS) operators and experts from Europe, India, and China to present on MaaS development in different regional contexts.

Overview on Battery Swapping and Battery-as-a-Service (BaaS) in China

Battery swapping is seen as a complement to conventional charging, allowing the change of battery packs within minutes, whereas Battery-as-a-Service (BaaS) is offering innovative business models linked to the energy sector. This document provides an overview on status quo of battery swapping and BaaS in China.

SUMP Foshan Pilot: First Implementation of SUMP Concept in China

On 7 July 2021, the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) Foshan pilot was jointly launched by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH together with the Foshan Public Transport Management Company (Foshan TC Company) under the support of the Foshan City Transportation Bureau.