Sino-German Climate Partnership

Strengthening the cooperation between China and Germany on integration of climate and energy policy for a low-carbon economy and energy transition

As the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases, China’s climate policy has a huge impact on our planet, yet the institutional and legal capacities to face the challenge of climate change need to be strengthened on multiple levels of government. Since the energy sector is the main source of man-made emissions, a successful energy transition is key for combating climate change. Therefore, energy topics have long been an integral part of Sino-German cooperation on climate change, which GIZ has been implementing on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment under its International Climate Initiative (IKI) since 2011. On the Chinese side, the project partnered with the National Energy Administration (NEA) to work on energy topics.

The Sino-German Climate Partnership, which went into its 4th phase in 2020, is implemented by GIZ and supports China in improving its climate governance and contributes to ambitious greenhouse gas reductions. The energy activities within the Climate Partnership focus on policy analysis and advice on policies promoting emission reductions in the energy sector. A particular focus of activities so far has been the low-carbon energy transition in cities and integrated climate and energy concepts. Another important topic is the reduction of coal consumption in China.

Cities, as main energy consumers, play an important role in driving the energy transition. Cities and urban conurbations account for about 70% of the final energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions worldwide and are therefore at the center of the global energy transition. Whilst ca. 55% of the Chinese population live in cities at this time, the degree of urbanisation is expected to rise to 70% by 2030. Promoting the urban low-carbon energy transformation is therefore an important issue in China.


The energy activities within the Sino-German Climate Partnership aim to strengthen the integration of climate and energy policy through policy advice on the national level. On the municipal level, they aim to build capacity of cities to plan and implement measures to advance the urban energy transition.


The Climate Partnership supports the low-carbon energy transition by sharing German experiences and best practices with policymakers and experts. It also builds capacity in cities for integrated planning of climate protection and energy transition measures and advises cities on the implementation of measures. Integrated climate and energy concept involve the analysis of the status quo, the formulation of climate and energy targets and the development of measures across the various sectors of the energy system, such as power, heating and cooling, buildings, industry, and transportation.


  • In cooperation with Chinese and German experts, integrated climate and energy concepts were developed for Chinese cities, and subsequently measures from the concept were implemented. The project also provided advice on the implementation of measures, where required. The exchange with the cities is being maintained.
  • The project carried out capacity building for cities to develop and implement integrated climate and energy concepts, as well as measures to promote the low-carbon urban energy transition in a series of trainings, which were held both offline and online.
  • A range of reports and articles conveying German policy experiences to Chinese policymakers and experts were published. Topics included, among other, the German national policy framework to support municipal action on climate change and energy transition, German experiences with economic and energy transition in industry and coal mining regions, and the German approach to coal-phase out.


Yin Yuxia

Contact person for energy activities of Sino-German Climate Partnership
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH