The energy transition is a pathway towards a future energy supply and consumption system that is secure, low-carbon, and economically viable. Decarbonization of the energy sector requires urgent actions on a global scale. China and Germany are paving the way towards a global energy transition. Following this long-term strategy, both countries have set ambitious goals. Germany aims to increase the share of renewable energies in gross final energy consumption to 60% by 2050. China’s climate targets foresee a peaking of emissions before 2030, and CO2 neutrality by 2060. China proposed, inter alia, an increase in non-fossil energy sources to at least 25% by 2030.