Sino-German Cooperation on Mobility and Fuels Strategy (MFS) as a Contribution to the Mobility and Transport Transition

The global transport sector is currently going through an intense period of transformation based on megatrends closely linked with each other: urbanization, sustainable technology transformation, individualization and digitalisation. It is expected that by 2030 one billion Chinese will live in cities with more than one million inhabitants. Such a concentration of the population leads to both a shortage of space and an increase in (individualised) mobility needs.

The energy requirement to satisfy the demand for mobility is particularly important in China, the world’s largest greenhouse gas emitter. An increase in the use of low-emission and alternative (not carbon-based) technologies is needed in order to meet international climate targets. At the same time, electrification, networking, automation and shared mobility are emerging as fields of change that have the potential to fundamentally and sustainably change the transport sector.

Understanding these changes in a context of public infrastructure, urban planning and traffic control require a balanced approach and a thorough consideration of the role institutions play at the international, national and regional level. Germany as a country whose economy is shaped by the automotive industry, and China being a leading example in the areas of electromobility and smart city approaches, face similar challenges and can therefore learn a lot from each other. The results of a cooperation on the development and testing of approaches and concepts for sustainable mobility solutions in China could therefore serve as a blueprint for the growing megacities in Asia, South America and Africa and possibly inspire solutions in Germany.


The partnership fosters the dialogue on mobility and fuel issues between China and Germany and puts forward new implementation formats as a result of that dialogue.


The project cultivates the political dialogue between the BMVI, the MoT and other Chinese political partners and supports an exchange between the specialists and private sector actors of both countries. Producing holistic mobility concepts for China and Germany, the project contributes concrete political recommendations introducing a sustainable transition at a national, regional and a local level: Such holistic concepts are developed through the collection, research and evaluation of implementation scenarios and the analysis and evaluation of relevant projects. The focus hereby lies on integrated mobility concepts – especially transport hubs as well as sector coupling, demographic change and the potential of micromobility and non-motorised mobility.


  • The relationship between the Chinese MoT and the German BMVI could be strengthened through the promotion of the bilateral political dialogue and through project-related discussions at the political level.
  • Chinese stakeholders were able to see the positive effects of the MFS strategy in the pilot region Jing-Jin-Ji, which was demonstrated through short studies carried out in several Chinese cities – the cooperation of regional actors in the pilot region being therefore reinforced.
  • The results and recommendations produced from these short studies led to the examination of further implementation measures on the part of regional and local government and especially in the field of non-motorised traffic, where setting up a bicycle traffic system in the city of Zhangjiakou was contemplated.
  • Preparatory talks between the transport ministries of both countries as well as a general sense of appreciation for the cooperation on the MFS project led to the signing of a joint declaration on the establishment a Sino-German Mobility Forum in May 2019.
  • The conversation arising from the German MFS project and the Chinese short studies brought about a development partnership with the private sector under program of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ): The program is supposed to establish more environmentally friendly fuels for ships in Chinese ports.


Supported by

Implemented by


Alexander von Monschaw_1000

Alexander von Monschaw

Project Director

Sino-German Cooperation on Mobility and Fuels Strategy (MFS) as a Contribution to the Mobility and Transport Transition

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH