MOBILITY TRANSITION IN CHINA

Sino-German Cooperation on Low Carbon Transport (CLCT)

China is the world’s biggest emitter of greenhouse gases. With about 1Gt of CO2, the Chinese transport sector accounts for about 10 percent of the country’s total CO2 emissions. China is facing growing car-ownership levels as well as increasing volumes of both passenger and freight transport, and the quality of life in general is deteriorating due to air and noise pollution and traffic congestion, particularly in cities.

In order to tackle climate change and to make transport more sustainable, China has set ambitious goals: In September 2020, Chinese president Xi Jinping announced that China will achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. By 2030, the country wants to achieve the peaking of CO2 emissions, lower CO2 emissions per unit of GDP by over 65 per cent from 2005 level and increase the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to around 25 per cent.

To reach these targets, China started implementing various measures to drastically reduce its emissions. This includes the promotion of electro-mobility and smart transport systems, the expansion of public transport, the promotion of shared mobility, walking and cycling, and the promotion of intermodal transport aiming at shifting freight transport volumes from the road to more climate-friendly means including rail and inland waterways.

Objective

The CLCT project supports the Chinese Ministry of Transport (MoT) and other partners on national and city level in elaborating effective and efficient implementation strategies and policies to further develop a climate-friendly transport sector in China.

Approach

This project is part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI). The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) supports this initiative on the basis of a decision adopted by the German Bundestag.

The CLCT project supports the Sino-German policy dialogue on long-term climate change mitigation strategies in the transport sector. It facilitates the exchange on the potentials of digitalisation, innovative technologies and integrated mobility concepts for fostering and promoting sustainable and low-carbon future transport and mobility.

To achieve this objective, the project facilitates policy dialogue and advice, sector-specific knowledge sharing and research, implements pilot projects at city level and expands specialist expertise. To this end, Chinese partners are supported, particularly in the priority areas of passenger and freight transport. The project implementation focuses on:

  1. the facilitation of Sino-German transport climate-policy and multi-stakeholder dialogues;
  2. the promotion of Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMP);
  3. the sustainable development of Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS);
  4. the promotion of electro-mobility in the fields of urban buses and urban delivery vehicles;
  5. the promotion of climate-oriented bus network optimisation;
  6. the establishment of an Active Mobility Alliance in China;
  7. the promotion of intermodal transport standardisation and hub evaluation, and;
  8. the promotion of sustainable urban freight.

Highlights

1. November 2021

On 28 October 2021, three days ahead of the 26th UN Climate Change Conference of Parties (COP26), China submitted its updated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

29. October 2021

On 12th October, 2021, as part of the ITS World Congress in Hamburg, the Sino-German Cooperation on Low Carbon Transport (CLCT) project of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH organised the session Mobility-as-a-Service: International best practices on low carbon transport and mobility integration. The session brought together Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS) operators and experts from Europe, India, and China to present on MaaS development in different regional contexts.

30. July 2021

On 7 July 2021, the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) Foshan pilot was jointly launched by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH together with the Foshan Public Transport Management Company (Foshan TC Company) under the support of the Foshan City Transportation Bureau.

Supported by

Implemented by

Contact

Sebastian Ibold 2

Sebastian Ibold
Project Director

Sino-German Cooperation on Low Carbon Transport
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH