MOBILITY TRANSITION IN CHINA

Sino-German Cooperation on Low Carbon Transport (CLCT)

China is the world’s biggest emitter of greenhouse gases. With about 1Gt of CO2, the Chinese transport sector accounts for about 10 percent of the country’s total CO2 emissions. China is facing growing car-ownership levels as well as increasing volumes of both passenger and freight transport, and the quality of life in general is deteriorating due to air and noise pollution and traffic congestion, particularly in cities.

In order to tackle climate change and to make transport more sustainable, China has set ambitious goals: In September 2020, Chinese president Xi Jinping announced that China will achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. By 2030, the country wants to achieve the peaking of CO2 emissions, lower CO2 emissions per unit of GDP by over 65 per cent from 2005 level and increase the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to around 25 per cent.

To reach these targets, China started implementing various measures to drastically reduce its emissions. This includes the promotion of electro-mobility and smart transport systems, the expansion of public transport, the promotion of shared mobility, walking and cycling, and the promotion of intermodal transport aiming at shifting freight transport volumes from the road to more climate-friendly means including rail and inland waterways.

Objective

The CLCT project supports the Chinese Ministry of Transport (MoT) and other partners on national and city level in elaborating effective and efficient implementation strategies and policies to further develop a climate-friendly transport sector in China.

Approach

The CLCT project supports the Sino-German policy dialogue on long-term climate change mitigation strategies in the transport sector. It facilitates the exchange on the potentials of digitalisation, innovative technologies and integrated mobility concepts for fostering and promoting sustainable and low-carbon future transport and mobility.

To achieve this objective, the project facilitates policy dialogue and advice, sector-specific knowledge sharing and research, implements pilot projects at city level and expands specialist expertise. To this end, Chinese partners are supported, particularly in the priority areas of passenger and freight transport. The project implementation focuses on:

  1. the facilitation of Sino-German transport climate-policy and multi-stakeholder dialogues,
  2. the promotion of Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMP),
  3. the sustainable development of Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS),
  4. the promotion of electro-mobility in the fields of urban buses and urban delivery vehicles,
  5. the promotion of climate-oriented bus network optimisation,
  6. the establishment of an Active Mobility Alliance in China,
  7. the promotion of intermodal transport standardisation and hub evaluation, and
  8. the promotion of sustainable urban freight

Highlights

31. August 2021

Battery swapping is seen as a complement to conventional charging, allowing the change of battery packs within minutes, whereas Battery-as-a-Service (BaaS) is offering innovative business models linked to the energy sector. This document provides an overview on status quo of battery swapping and BaaS in China.

24. August 2021

As part of the study, research was conducted on best practices in green logistics in the international ports of Rotterdam (Netherlands), Los Angeles (USA), Singapore (Singapore), Hamburg (Germany) and Risavika (Norway). Simultaneously to this analysis, a survey was conducted in the Chinese ports of Ningbo-Zhoushan, Tangshan and Tianjin. The aim of the comparison was to identify potential for improvement and optimisation in Chinese ports.

Supported by

Implemented by

Contact

Sebastian Ibold 2

Sebastian Ibold
Project Director

Sino-German Cooperation on Low Carbon Transport
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH