Cities are strongly affected by the negative consequences of growing both passenger and freight transport volumes. The often car-centric development of cities comes along with congestion, air pollution, carbon emissions, road accidents, noise and thus negative impacts to people’s health and a general deterioration of life quality. To make urban transport and mobility more sustainable and the cities more livable, human-centered city and mobility planning is needed. This includes the promotion of barrier-free public transport, walking, cycling and other forms of micro-mobility and the sustainable integration of new mobility services into the existing public transport networks. To ensure a just transition towards more sustainable mobility and to promote urban-rural integration, also the mobility needs of the rural population need to be strongly considered.