China has experienced a substantial increase in the number of motor vehicles over the past two decades, and this trend is forecasted to continue. This rapid increase is severely alleviating the energy and material resources in China and elsewhere. Vehicle sales increased by 32% to 18.1 million in 2010, topping all previous worldwide records and securing China’s position as the world’s largest auto market (CATARC and CAAM, 2011).
The electrification of motor vehicles is considered as an industry revolution to achieve sustainable transportation in China. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) and battery electric vehicles (BEV) are being demonstrated in pilot cities throughout China. The aim of this study is to provide a broad overview of the current status and future prospects of this electrification revolution, summarize the results of relevant environmental impact assessments, and propose recommendations for the most promising scenarios for tackling China’s climate and environmental issues.
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